Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Journal articles

Appetite Control Might not Be Improved after Weight Loss in Adolescents with Obesity, Despite Non-Persistent Metabolic Syndrome

Abstract : The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a multidisciplinary weight loss intervention on energy intake and appetite sensations in adolescents with obesity, depending on the initial diagnosis or persistence of the metabolic syndrome. Ninety-two adolescents with obesity (12-15 years) followed a 16-week multidisciplinary weight loss intervention. Anthropometric and body composition characteristics, metabolic profile, ad libitum daily energy intake, and appetite sensations were assessed before and after the intervention. The presence of metabolic syndrome (MS) was determined at baseline (MS vs. non-MS) and after the program (persistent vs. non-persistent). While the intervention was effective in inducing weight loss (body weight T0: 87.1 ± 14.9 vs. T1: 81.2 ± 13.0 kg; p < 0.001) and body composition improvements in both adolescents with and without MS, energy intake (p = 0.07), hunger (p = 0.008), and prospective food consumption (p = 0.03) increased, while fullness decreased (p = 0.04) in both groups. Energy intake and appetite were not improved in non-persistent MS after the program and remained significantly higher among non-persistent adolescents compared with initially non-MS adolescents. To conclude, appetite control seems impaired in obese adolescents, irrespective of being affected by MS or not, whereas the treatment of MS in this population might fail to effectively preclude the adolescents from potential post-intervention compensatory food intake and subsequent weight regain.
Document type :
Journal articles
Complete list of metadata

https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03103415
Contributor : Sabine Rossi <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, March 31, 2021 - 3:02:36 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, April 3, 2021 - 3:07:25 AM

File

2020_Julian_Nutrients.pdf
Files produced by the author(s)

Licence


Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

Identifiers

Collections

Citation

Valérie Julian, Laurie Isacco, Marwa Khammassi, Alicia Fillon, Maud Miguet, et al.. Appetite Control Might not Be Improved after Weight Loss in Adolescents with Obesity, Despite Non-Persistent Metabolic Syndrome. Nutrients, MDPI, 2020, 12 (12), pp.3885. ⟨10.3390/nu12123885⟩. ⟨hal-03103415⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

176

Files downloads

36