Validity of trunk extensor and flexor torque measurements using isokinetic dynamometry

Abstract : This study aimed to evaluate the validity and test–retest reliability of trunk muscle strength testing performed with a latest-generation isokinetic dynamometer. Eccentric, isometric, and concentric peak torque of the trunk flexor and extensor muscles was measured in 15 healthy subjects. Muscle cross sectional area (CSA) and surface electromyographic (EMG) activity were respectively correlated to peak torque and submaximal isometric torque for erector spinae and rectus abdominis muscles. Reliability of peak torque measurements was determined during test and retest sessions. Significant correlations were consistently observed between muscle CSA and peak torque for all contraction types (r = 0.74À0.85; P < 0.001) and between EMG activity and submaximal isometric torque (r P 0.99; P < 0.05), for both extensor and flexor muscles. Intraclass correlation coefficients were comprised between 0.87 and 0.95, and standard errors of measurement were lower than 9% for all contraction modes. The mean difference in peak torque between test and retest ranged from À3.7% to 3.7% with no significant mean directional bias. Overall, our findings establish the validity of torque measurements using the tested trunk module. Also considering the excellent test–retest reliability of peak torque measurements, we conclude that this latest-generation isokinetic dynamometer could be used with confidence to evaluate trunk muscle function for clinical or athletic purposes.
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Gaël Guilhem, Caroline Giroux, Antoine Couturier, Nicola Maffiuletti. Validity of trunk extensor and flexor torque measurements using isokinetic dynamometry. Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology, Elsevier, 2014, 24, pp.986-993. 〈http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1050641114001473〉. 〈10.1016/j.jelekin.2014.07.006〉. 〈hal-01491394〉

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