High-Intensity Intermittent Training in Hypoxia

Abstract : Brocherie, F, Girard, O, Faiss, R, and Millet, GP. High-intensity intermittent training in hypoxia: A double-blinded, placebo-controlled field study in youth football players. J Strength Cond Res 29(1): 226–237, 2015—This study examined the effects of 5 weeks (;60 minutes per training, 2 d$wk 21) of run-based high-intensity repeated-sprint ability (RSA) and explosive strength/agility/sprint training in either normobaric hypoxia repeated sprints in hypoxia (RSH; inspired oxygen fraction [F I O 2 ] = 14.3%) or repeated sprints in normoxia (RSN; F I O 2 = 21.0%) on physical performance in 16 highly trained, under-18 male footballers. For both RSH (n = 8) and RSN (n = 8) groups, lower-limb explosive power, sprinting (10–40 m) times, maximal aerobic speed, repeated-sprint (10 3 30 m, 30-s rest) and repeated-agility (RA) (6 3 20 m, 30-s rest) abilities were evaluated in normoxia before and after supervised training. Lower-limb explosive power (+6.5 6 1.9% vs. +5.0 6 7.6% for RSH and RSN, respectively; both p , 0.001) and performance during maximal sprinting increased (from 26.6 6 2.2% vs. 24.3 6 2.6% at 10 m to 21.7 6 1.7% vs. 21.3 6 2.3% at 40 m for RSH and RSN, respectively ; p values ranging from ,0.05 to ,0.01) to a similar extent in RSH and RSN. Both groups improved best (23.0 6 1.7% vs. 22.3 6 1.8%; both p # 0.05) and mean (23.2 6 1.7%, p , 0.01 vs. 21.9 6 2.6%, p # 0.05 for RSH and RSN, respectively) repeated-sprint times, whereas sprint decrement did not change. Significant interactions effects (p # 0.05) between condition and time were found for RA ability– related parameters with very likely greater gains (p # 0.05) for RSH than RSN (initial sprint: 4.4 6 1.9% vs. 2.0 6 1.7% and cumulated times: 4.3 6 0.6% vs. 2.4 6 1.7%). Maximal aerobic speed remained unchanged throughout the protocol. In youth highly trained football players, the addition of 10 repeated-sprint training sessions performed in hypoxia vs. nor-moxia to their regular football practice over a 5-week in-season period was more efficient at enhancing RA ability (including direction changes), whereas it had no additional effect on improvements in lower-limb explosive power, maximal sprinting, and RSA performance.
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Franck Brocherie, Olivier Girard, Grégoire P. Millet, Raphael Faiss. High-Intensity Intermittent Training in Hypoxia. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, 2015, 29, pp.226 - 237. ⟨10.1519/JSC.0000000000000590⟩. ⟨hal-01494595⟩

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