Perceived development of psychological characteristics in Male and Female elite gymnasts

Abstract : This study examined the perceived development of psychological characteristics in male and female elite gymnasts. Fourteen participants (seven females and seven males) were engaged in individual semi-structured interviews, which were subjected to an inductive-deductive analysis procedure. Results revealed the main psychological characteristics perceived to be developed by all the participants pertained to achievement motivation, performance enhancement cognitive skills (e.g., focusing, imagery), and affective and psychosomatic skills (e.g., ability to deal with anxiety; relaxation). Although all the participants perceived that their psychological characteristics were influenced by different sources (e.g., social sport environment; family; sport process) and through a variety of methods (e.g., social support; unpleasant social interactions; competitive experiences), some gender differences were suggested. Family influences were perceived as constant among females, whilst the role of competitive experiences was perceived as predominant amongst males. Results are discussed in the context of previous psychological development literature and theories of gender development.
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International Journal of Sport Psychology, Pozzi, 2009, 40 (3), pp.424-455
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Claire Calmels, Fabienne D'Arripe-Longueville, Magaly Hars, Nadine Debois. Perceived development of psychological characteristics in Male and Female elite gymnasts. International Journal of Sport Psychology, Pozzi, 2009, 40 (3), pp.424-455. 〈hal-01575546〉

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