Accéder directement au contenu Accéder directement à la navigation
Article dans une revue

Psychology of Sport and Exercise Observation of elite gymnastic performance: Processes and perceived functions of observation

Abstract : Objectives: The purpose of the study was firstly to examine the nature of the information individuals extract from observations of their own performance and the reasons they give for choosing this information. Second, we aimed to investigate how individuals treat observed information and the strategies they use. Identification of the reasons for the use of each of the strategies was also discerned. Design: A protocol inspired by Ericsson and Simon's (1993) Think-Aloud-Procedure. Method: Ten French female elite gymnasts were invited to ''think-aloud'' as they viewed a video sequence of their own performance. Results: Findings revealed that the gymnasts paid attention mainly to spatial information and rarely reported kinematics information. The participants reported four main reasons for observing their own performance: (i) to improve self-assessment; (ii) to increase performance of technical execution; (iii) to increase imagery; and (iv) to increase visual perceptions. Gymnasts used different strategies to code the information, such as imagery, self-talk, imagery associated with self-talk, observing others and listening to the coach's feedback. These strategies of retention were perceived to be a means to improve performance. Conclusions: The results are discussed in relation to Bandura's [(1986). Social foundations of thought and action: A social cognitive theory. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall; (1997). Self-efficacy: The exercise of control. New York: W.H. Freeman and Company] social cognitive theory of observational learning.
Liste complète des métadonnées

Littérature citée [53 références]  Voir  Masquer  Télécharger
Contributeur : documentation INSEP Connectez-vous pour contacter le contributeur
Soumis le : mercredi 23 août 2017 - 11:09:58
Dernière modification le : vendredi 26 mars 2021 - 10:44:02


Fichiers produits par l'(les) auteur(s)




Magaly Hars, Claire Calmels. Psychology of Sport and Exercise Observation of elite gymnastic performance: Processes and perceived functions of observation. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, Elsevier, 2007, 8 (3), pp.337-354. ⟨10.1016/j.psychsport.2006.06.004⟩. ⟨hal-01576462⟩



Consultations de la notice


Téléchargements de fichiers