Is muscle coordination affected by loading condition in ballistic movements?

Abstract : This study aimed to investigate the effect of loading on lower limb muscle coordination involved during ballistic squat jumps. Twenty athletes performed ballistic squat jumps on a force platform. Vertical force, velocity, power and electromyographic (EMG) activity of lower limb muscles were recorded during the push-off phase and compared between seven loading conditions (0–60% of the concentric-only maximal repetition). The increase in external load increased vertical force (from 1962 N to 2559 N; P = 0.0001), while movement velocity decreased (from 2.5 to 1.6 m s À1 ; P = 0.0001). EMG activity of tibialis anterior first peaked at 5% of the push-off phase, followed by gluteus maximus (35%), vastus lateralis and soleus (45%), rectus femoris (55%), gastrocnemius lateralis (65%) and semitendinosus (75%). This sequence of activation (P = 0.67) and the amplitude of muscle activity (P = 0.41) of each muscle were not affected by loading condition. However, a main effect of muscle was observed on these parameters (peak value: P < 0.001; peak occurrence: P = 0.02) illustrating the specific role of each muscle during the push-off phase. Our findings suggest that muscle coordination is not influenced by external load during a ballistic squat jump.
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Contributeur : Gaël Guilhem <>
Soumis le : jeudi 25 octobre 2018 - 17:00:57
Dernière modification le : jeudi 7 février 2019 - 14:20:30

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Caroline Giroux, Gaël Guilhem, Antoine Couturier, Didier Chollet, Giuseppe Rabita. Is muscle coordination affected by loading condition in ballistic movements?. Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology, Elsevier, 2015, 25 (1), pp.69 - 76. ⟨10.1016/j.jelekin.2014.10.014⟩. ⟨hal-01616656⟩

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