Vitamin and Mineral Supplementation and Neuromuscular Recovery after a Running Race

Abstract : Purpose: This double-blind study investigated the effects of vitamin and mineral complex supplementation on the neuromuscular function of the knee-extensor muscles after a prolonged trail running race. Methods: Twenty-two well-trained endurance runners took either placebo (Pl group) or vitamins and minerals (Vm group) for 21 d before the race and for 2 d after the race. Maximal voluntary contractions (MVC) and surface EMG activity of the vastus lateralis (VL) muscle were recorded before (pre) and 1 h (post), 24 h (post 24) and 48 h (post 48) after the race. Central activation ratio (CAR), neural (M-wave), and contractile (muscular twitch) properties of the quadriceps muscles were analyzed using electrical stimulation techniques. Results: The knee-extensor MVC was significantly (P G 0.01) reduced after exercise for both groups (Vm: 36.5 T 3.0 %; Pl: 36.9 T 2.1%), but MVC recovery was greater for Vm than Pl after 48 h (11%, P G 0.05). The reduced MVC after exercise was associated with a significant reduction in maximal EMG normalized to the M-wave in VL muscle and in CAR for both groups. Characteristics of the muscular twitch were not significantly altered for either groups, whereas M-wave duration increased significantly (P G 0.05) after exercise. Conclusions: The reduction of MVC immediately after the race appeared to result from peripheral mechanisms such as a failure in muscle membrane excitation and, to a lesser extent, from reduced central activation. The cause of the depressed MVC 24 h after the race seemed to be located within the muscle itself. A dietary supplementation of a vitamin and mineral complex does not attenuate the loss of contractile function immediately after the running exercise, and it may accelerate the recovery of maximal force capacity.
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Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM), 2006, 38 (12), pp.2110-2117. 〈10.1249/01.mss.0000235351.01438.5a〉
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Elodie Gauche, Romuald Lepers, Giuseppe Rabita, Jean-Michel Leveque, David Bishop, et al.. Vitamin and Mineral Supplementation and Neuromuscular Recovery after a Running Race. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM), 2006, 38 (12), pp.2110-2117. 〈10.1249/01.mss.0000235351.01438.5a〉. 〈hal-01661880〉

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