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Peak power and pulmonary oxygen uptake during knee extension exercise -comparisons among different incrementai protocols

Abstract : Four incremental protocols of knee extension exercise of different stage durations were compared to study the effect of the protocol upon power output at the last stage (Ppeak). Previous studies of knee extension have found very different power outputs with similar ergometers and these large differences have been interpreted as being the result of the fatigue due to the durations of the protocols. The knee extension device used in previous studies was modified to avoid the action of the knee and hip flexors: the subjects pushing on a lever instead of pulling a rod. In the present study five subjects performed four incremental knee extension exercises which differed with regard to stage duration (60, 90, 180 or 360 s) on this ergometer. The Ppeak, peak oxygen uptake (V˙O2peak) and peak heart rate (HRpeak) were measured at the end of each of these four incremental protocols. In eight subjects, the reliability of the protocols with the two shortest increments (60 and 90-s stages) was verified by measuring Ppeak at 60 s and 90 s (Ppeak60, Ppeak90) twice. The knee ergometer proposed in the present paper was easy to use without any special training and should improve the measurement of Ppeak. The Ppeak60 [49.4 (SD 5.6) W] was higher than at 180 s [Ppeak180, 43.6 (SD 5.8) W, P < 0.05] and at 360 s [Ppeak360, 43.4 (SD 5.3) W, P < 0.05]. All the other differences in Ppeak, V˙O2 peak and HRpeak were not significant. All correlations between Ppeak60, Ppeak90, Ppeak180 and Ppeak360 were significant, except those between Ppeak360 and Ppeak90 or Ppeak180. The effect of the stage duration on power output and oxygen uptake at the end of the knee extension exercises was not great. Consequently, the large differences in power output and oxygen uptake observed in previous studies cannot be explained by the protocol only. The significant difference between Ppeak 60 and Ppeak90 was of the order of 10% in agreement with findings in the literature using cycle ergometry. The reliability of Ppeak60 and Ppeak90 was high and the use of these protocols can be recommended if further studies show that the measurement of Ppeak, is useful in the evaluation of local endurance.
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Jean-Michel Le Chevalier, Henry Vandewalle, Jean-Marc Vallier, Marion Wolff, Jean-François Stein. Peak power and pulmonary oxygen uptake during knee extension exercise -comparisons among different incrementai protocols. European Journal of Applied Physiology, Springer Verlag, 1998, 78 (5), pp.441-447. ⟨10.1007/s004210050443⟩. ⟨hal-01757094⟩



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