Learning From Leaders: Life-span Trends in Olympians and Supercentenarians

Abstract : Lifespan trends progression has worldwide practical implications as it may affect the sustainability of modern societies. We aimed to describe the secular lifespan trends of populations with a propensity to live longer—Olympians and super-centenarians—under two hypotheses: an ongoing lifespan extension versus a biologic " probabilistic barrier " limiting further progression. In a study of lifespan densities (total number of life durations per birth date), we analyzed 19,012 Olympians and 1,205 supercentenarians deceased between 1900 and 2013. Among most Olympians, we observed a trend toward increased life duration. This trend, however, decelerates at advanced ages leveling off with the upper values with a perennial gap between Olympians and supercentenarians during the whole observation period. Similar tendencies are observed among supercentenarians, and over the last years, a plateau attests to a stable longevity pattern among the longest-lived humans. The common trends between Olympians and supercentenarians indicate similar mortality pressures over both populations that increase with age, scenario better explained by a biologic " barrier " forecast.
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Juliana Antero, Geoffroy Berthelot, Adrien Marck, Philippe Noirez, Aurélien Latouche, et al.. Learning From Leaders: Life-span Trends in Olympians and Supercentenarians. Journals of Gerontology, Series A, Oxford University Press (OUP): Policy B - Oxford Open Option D, 2015, 70 (8), pp.944-949. ⟨10.1093/gerona/glu130⟩. ⟨hal-01768388⟩

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