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Article Dans Une Revue Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences Année : 2015

Learning From Leaders: Life-span Trends in Olympians and Supercentenarians

Résumé

Lifespan trends progression has worldwide practical implications as it may affect the sustainability of modern societies. We aimed to describe the secular lifespan trends of populations with a propensity to live longer—Olympians and super-centenarians—under two hypotheses: an ongoing lifespan extension versus a biologic " probabilistic barrier " limiting further progression. In a study of lifespan densities (total number of life durations per birth date), we analyzed 19,012 Olympians and 1,205 supercentenarians deceased between 1900 and 2013. Among most Olympians, we observed a trend toward increased life duration. This trend, however, decelerates at advanced ages leveling off with the upper values with a perennial gap between Olympians and supercentenarians during the whole observation period. Similar tendencies are observed among supercentenarians, and over the last years, a plateau attests to a stable longevity pattern among the longest-lived humans. The common trends between Olympians and supercentenarians indicate similar mortality pressures over both populations that increase with age, scenario better explained by a biologic " barrier " forecast.
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hal-01768388 , version 1 (17-04-2018)

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Juliana Antero, Geoffroy C.B. Berthelot, Adrien Marck, Philippe Noirez, Aurélien Latouche, et al.. Learning From Leaders: Life-span Trends in Olympians and Supercentenarians. Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, 2015, 70 (8), pp.944-949. ⟨10.1093/gerona/glu130⟩. ⟨hal-01768388⟩
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