G. Berthelot, V. Thibault, M. Tafflet, S. Escolano, E. Helou et al., The Citius End: World Records Progression Announces the Completion of a Brief Ultra-Physiological Quest, PLoS ONE, vol.174, issue.2, 2008.
DOI : 10.1371/journal.pone.0001552.s005

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01768569

G. Atkinson and B. Drust, Seasonal Rhythms and Exercise, Clinics in Sports Medicine, vol.24, issue.2, pp.25-34, 2005.
DOI : 10.1016/j.csm.2004.11.001

E. Magnanou, J. Attia, R. Fons, G. Boeuf, and J. Falcon, The Timing of the Shrew: Continuous Melatonin Treatment Maintains Youthful Rhythmic Activity in Aging Crocidura russula, PLoS ONE, vol.4, issue.6, 2009.
DOI : 10.1371/journal.pone.0005904.g004

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00413982

G. Lincoln, J. Johnston, H. Andersson, G. Wagner, and D. Hazlerigg, Photorefractoriness in Mammals: Dissociating a Seasonal Timer from the Circadian-Based Photoperiod Response, Endocrinology, vol.146, issue.9, pp.3782-3790, 2005.
DOI : 10.1210/en.2005-0132

D. Boivin, C. Czeisler, D. Dijk, J. Duffy, and S. Folkard, Complex Interaction of the Sleep-Wake Cycle and Circadian Phase Modulates Mood in Healthy Subjects, Archives of General Psychiatry, vol.54, issue.2, pp.145-152, 1997.
DOI : 10.1001/archpsyc.1997.01830140055010

C. Spengler and S. Shea, Endogenous Circadian Rhythm of Pulmonary Function in Healthy Humans, American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, vol.53, issue.3, pp.1038-1046, 2000.
DOI : 10.1378/chest.114.3.861

G. Mccormack, C. Friedenreich, A. Shiell, B. Giles-corti, and P. Doyle-baker, Sex- and age-specific seasonal variations in physical activity among adults, Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health, vol.64, issue.11, pp.1010-1016, 2010.
DOI : 10.1136/jech.2009.092841

S. Hamilton, S. Clemes, and P. Griffiths, UK adults exhibit higher step counts in summer compared to winter months, Annals of Human Biology, vol.894, issue.2, pp.154-169, 2008.
DOI : 10.1249/00005768-199306000-00017

URL : https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/dspace-jspui/bitstream/2134/15272/3/UK%20adults%20exhibit%20higher%20step%20counts%20in%20summer%20compared%20to%20winter%20months%20-%20final%20version.pdf

C. Chan, D. Ryan, and C. Tudor-locke, Relationship between objective measures of physical activity and weather: a longitudinal study, International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, vol.3, issue.1, 2006.
DOI : 10.1097/00005768-199911000-00019

F. Desgorces, G. Berthelot, E. Helou, N. Thibault, V. Guillaume et al., From Oxford to Hawaii Ecophysiological Barriers Limit Human Progression in Ten Sport Monuments, PLoS ONE, vol.8, issue.11, 2008.
DOI : 10.1371/journal.pone.0003653.t002

F. Marino, M. Lambert, and T. Noakes, Superior performance of African runners in warm humid but not in cool environmental conditions, Journal of Applied Physiology, vol.96, issue.1, pp.124-130, 2003.
DOI : 10.1152/jappl.1963.18.2.361

E. Helou, N. Tafflet, M. Berthelot, G. Tolaini, J. Marc et al., Impact of Environmental Parameters on Marathon Running Performance, PLoS ONE, vol.106, issue.2, 2012.
DOI : 10.1371/journal.pone.0037407.s003

S. Cheuvront and E. Haymes, Thermoregulation and Marathon Running, Sports Medicine, vol.221, issue.9, pp.743-762, 2001.
DOI : 10.1080/02701367.1981.10607869

R. Kenefick, S. Cheuvront, and M. Sawka, Thermoregulatory Function During the Marathon, Sports Medicine, vol.6, issue.10, pp.312-315, 2007.
DOI : 10.1080/15438629609512056

URL : http://www.dtic.mil/cgi-bin/GetTRDoc?AD=ADA481458&Location=U2&doc=GetTRDoc.pdf

. Weather-underground-website, Internet weather service Available: http:// www.wunderground.com/history, 2012.

A. Field, Discovering Statistics Using SPSS, 2009.

R. Foster and T. Roenneberg, Human Responses to the Geophysical Daily, Annual and Lunar Cycles, Current Biology, vol.18, issue.17, pp.784-794, 2008.
DOI : 10.1016/j.cub.2008.07.003

URL : https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2008.07.003

J. Steinacker, W. Lormes, M. Kellmann, Y. Liu, and S. Reissnecker, Training of junior rowers before world championships. Effects on performance, mood state and selected hormonal and metabolic responses, J Sports Med Phys Fitness, vol.40, pp.327-335, 2000.

D. Costill, R. Thomas, R. Robergs, D. Pascoe, and C. Lambert, Adaptations to swimming training, Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, vol.23, issue.3, pp.371-377, 1991.
DOI : 10.1249/00005768-199103000-00017

I. Mujika, Intense training: the key to optimal performance before and during the taper, Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, vol.3, issue.2, pp.24-31, 2010.
DOI : 10.1080/02640418708729782

M. Ely, D. Martin, S. Cheuvront, and S. Montain, Effect of Ambient Temperature on Marathon Pacing Is Dependent on Runner Ability, Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, vol.40, issue.9, pp.1675-1680, 2008.
DOI : 10.1249/MSS.0b013e3181788da9

S. Montain, M. Ely, and S. Cheuvront, Marathon Performance in Thermally Stressing Conditions, Sports Medicine, vol.24, issue.3, pp.320-323, 2007.
DOI : 10.1080/09332480.1999.10542170

M. Ely, S. Cheuvront, W. Roberts, and S. Montain, Impact of Weather on Marathon-Running Performance, Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, vol.39, issue.3, pp.487-493, 2007.
DOI : 10.1249/mss.0b013e31802d3aba

S. Galloway and R. Maughan, Effects of ambient temperature on the capacity to perform prolonged cycle exercise in man, Medicine &amp Science in Sports &amp Exercise, vol.29, issue.9, pp.1240-1249, 1997.
DOI : 10.1097/00005768-199709000-00018

G. Atkinson and T. Reilly, Circadian Variation in Sports Performance, Sports Medicine, vol.21, issue.4, pp.292-312, 1996.
DOI : 10.2165/00007256-199621040-00005

G. Somero, Thermal Physiology and Vertical Zonation of Intertidal Animals: Optima, Limits, and Costs of Living, Integrative and Comparative Biology, vol.42, issue.4, pp.780-789, 2002.
DOI : 10.1093/icb/42.4.780

A. Bennett, Temperature and muscle, J Exp Biol, vol.115, pp.333-344, 1985.

K. Josephson, Contraction dynamics of flight and stridulatory muscles of tettigoniid insects, J Exp Biol, vol.108, pp.77-96, 1984.

A. Therminarias, A. Quirion, and E. Pellerei, Effets de l'exposition au froid sur les variations plasmatiques du lactate et des ions induites par un exercice musculaire a??robie intense, Science & Sports, vol.2, issue.1, pp.1-8, 1987.
DOI : 10.1016/S0765-1597(87)80039-4

K. Koehler, H. Braun, S. Achtzehn, U. Hildebrand, and H. Predel, Iron status in elite young athletes: gender-dependent influences of diet and exercise, European Journal of Applied Physiology, vol.38, issue.2, pp.513-523, 2012.
DOI : 10.1136/bjsm.2003.006635

A. Magnusson, An overview of epidemiological studies on seasonal affective disorder, Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, vol.101, issue.3, pp.176-184, 2000.
DOI : 10.1034/j.1600-0447.2000.101003176.x

A. Régnier-loilier and J. Rohrbasser, Y-a-t-il une saison pour faire des enfants? Population & sociétés, pp.1-4, 2011.

S. Hsiang, K. Meng, and M. Cane, Civil conflicts are associated with the global climate, Nature, vol.84, issue.7361, pp.438-441, 2011.
DOI : 10.1162/003465302317332008

J. Healy, Excess winter mortality in Europe: a cross country analysis identifying key risk factors, Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health, vol.57, issue.10, pp.784-789, 2003.
DOI : 10.1136/jech.57.10.784

M. Ghebre, S. Wannamethee, A. Rumley, P. Whincup, and G. Lowe, Prospective study of seasonal patterns in hemostatic factors in older men and their relation to excess winter coronary heart disease deaths, Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis, vol.373, issue.3, pp.352-358, 2012.
DOI : 10.1016/S0140-6736(09)60503-1

F. Ballester, C. D. Pérez-hoyos, S. Sáez, M. Hervás, and A. , Mortality as a function of temperature. A study in Valencia, Spain, 1991-1993, International Journal of Epidemiology, vol.26, issue.3, pp.551-561, 1991.
DOI : 10.1093/ije/26.3.551

J. Rocklöv and B. Forsberg, The effect of temperature on mortality in Stockholm 1998???2003: A study of lag structures and heatwave effects, Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, vol.104, issue.5, 2008.
DOI : 10.1097/01.ede.0000147114.25957.71

R. Eccles, An Explanation for the Seasonality of Acute Upper Respiratory Tract Viral Infections, Acta Oto-Laryngologica, vol.50, issue.2, pp.183-191, 2002.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1398-9995.1995.tb01137.x

A. Barnett, S. Sans, V. Salomaa, K. Kuulasmaa, and A. Dobson, The effect of temperature on systolic blood pressure, Blood Pressure Monitoring, vol.12, issue.3, pp.195-203, 2007.
DOI : 10.1097/MBP.0b013e3280b083f4