Accéder directement au contenu Accéder directement à la navigation
Article dans une revue

Women and men in sport performance: The gender gap has not evolved since 1983

Abstract : Sex is a major factor influencing best performances and world records. Here the evolution of the difference between men and women's best performances is characterized through the analysis of 82 quantifiable events since the beginning of the Olympic era. For each event in swimming, athletics, track cycling, weightlifting and speed skating the gender gap is fitted to compare male and female records. It is also studied through the best performance of the top 10 performers in each gender for swimming and athletics. A stabilization of the gender gap in world records is observed after 1983, at a mean difference of 10.0% ± 2.94 between men and women for all events. The gender gap ranges from 5.5% (800-m freestyle, swimming) to 18.8% (long jump). The mean gap is 10.7% for running performances, 17.5% for jumps, 8.9% for swimming races, 7.0% for speed skating and 8.7% in cycling. The top ten performers' analysis reveals a similar gender gap trend with a stabilization in 1982 at 11.7%, despite the large growth in participation of women from eastern and western countries, that coincided with later-published evidence of state-institutionalized or individual doping. These results suggest that women will not run, jump, swim or ride as fast as men.
Liste complète des métadonnées

Littérature citée [18 références]  Voir  Masquer  Télécharger
Contributeur : documentation INSEP Connectez-vous pour contacter le contributeur
Soumis le : mercredi 25 avril 2018 - 16:53:47
Dernière modification le : jeudi 29 septembre 2022 - 17:36:28
Archivage à long terme le : : mardi 25 septembre 2018 - 12:40:42


Thibault et al. (2010) - JSSM....
Fichiers éditeurs autorisés sur une archive ouverte


  • HAL Id : hal-01778466, version 1


Valérie Thibault, Marion Guillaume, Geoffroy C.B. Berthelot, Nour El Helou, Karine Schaal, et al.. Women and men in sport performance: The gender gap has not evolved since 1983. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, University of Uludag, 2010, 9 (2), pp.214-223. ⟨hal-01778466⟩



Consultations de la notice


Téléchargements de fichiers