T. J. Barstow, A. M. Jones, P. H. Nguyen, C. , and R. , Influence of muscle fiber type and pedal frequency on oxygen uptake kinetics of heavy exercise, Journal of Applied Physiology, vol.224, issue.32, pp.1642-1650, 1996.
DOI : 10.1249/00005768-199411000-00009

D. R. Basset, J. Flohr, W. J. Duey, E. T. Howley, and R. N. Pein, Metabolic responses to drafting during front crawl swimming, Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, vol.23, issue.6, pp.744-747, 1991.
DOI : 10.1249/00005768-199106000-00015

B. Bohnert, S. A. Ward, and B. J. Whipp, Effects of prior arm exercise on pulmonary gas exchange kinetics during high-intensity leg exercise in humans, Experimental Physiology, vol.83, issue.4, pp.57-570, 1998.
DOI : 10.1113/expphysiol.1998.sp004138

J. Brisswalter, C. Hausswirth, D. Smith, F. Vercruyssen, and J. M. Vallier, Energetically Optimal Cadence vs. Freely-Chosen Cadence During Cycling: Effect of Exercise Duration, International Journal of Sports Medicine, vol.21, issue.1, pp.60-64, 2000.
DOI : 10.1055/s-2000-8857

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01762731

J. C. Chatard and G. Millet, Effects of Wetsuit Use in Swimming Events, Sports Medicine, vol.22, issue.2, pp.70-75, 1996.
DOI : 10.2165/00007256-199622020-00002

J. C. Chatard, X. Senegas, M. Selles, P. Dréano, and A. Geyssant, Wet suit effect, Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, vol.27, issue.4, pp.580-586, 1995.
DOI : 10.1249/00005768-199504000-00017

J. Chavarren, C. , and J. A. , Cycling efficiency and pedalling frequency in road cyclists, European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology, vol.80, issue.6, pp.555-563, 1999.
DOI : 10.1007/s004210050634

D. Chollet, . O. Hue, F. Auclair, G. Millet, C. et al., The effects of drafting on stroking variations during swimming in elite male triathletes, European Journal of Applied Physiology, vol.82, issue.5-6, pp.41-44, 2000.
DOI : 10.1007/s004210000233

E. F. Coyle, L. S. Sidossis, J. F. Horowitts, and J. D. Beltz, Cycling efficiency is related to the percentage of type 1 muscle fibres, Med. Sei. Sports Exerc, vol.24, pp.780-782, 1992.

A. B. Craig, P. L. Skehan, J. A. Pawelczyk, and W. L. Boomer, Velocity,stroke rate,and distance per stroke during elite swimmwng competition, Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, vol.17, issue.6, pp.625-634, 1985.
DOI : 10.1249/00005768-198512000-00001

D. R. Dengel, M. G. Flynn, D. L. Costill, and J. P. Kirwan, METABOLIC DETERMINANTS OF SUCCESS DURING TRIATHLON COMPETITION, Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, vol.18, issue.supplement, pp.234-238, 1989.
DOI : 10.1249/00005768-198604001-00428

D. Prampero and P. E. , Energetics of muscular exercise, Rev. Physiol. Biochem. Pharmacol, vol.89, pp.143-223, 1981.
DOI : 10.1007/BFb0035266

H. W. Farber, E. J. Schaefer, R. Franey, R. Grimaldi, and N. S. Hill, The endurance triathlon, Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, vol.23, issue.8, pp.959-965, 1991.
DOI : 10.1249/00005768-199108000-00013

P. Gnehm, S. Reichenbach, E. Altpeter, H. Widner, and H. Hoppeler, Influence of different racing positions on metabolic cost in elite cyclists, Medicine &amp Science in Sports &amp Exercise, vol.29, issue.6, pp.818-823, 1997.
DOI : 10.1097/00005768-199706000-00013

R. D. Hagan, S. E. Weis, R. , and P. B. , Effect of pedal rate on cardiorespiratory responses during continuous exercise, Medicine & Science in sports & Exercise, vol.24, issue.10, pp.1088-1095, 1992.
DOI : 10.1249/00005768-199210000-00004

C. Hausswirth, A. X. Bigard, and C. Y. Guézennec, Relationships between running mechanics and energy cost of running at the end of a triathlon and a marathon. lnt, J. Sports Med, vol.18, pp.330-339, 1997.

C. Hausswirth and D. Lehénaff, Physiological Demands of Running During Long Distance Runs and Triathlons, Sports Medicine, vol.21, issue.4, pp.679-689, 2001.
DOI : 10.1080/02701367.1989.10607445

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01744350

C. Hausswirth, D. Lehénaff, P. Dréano, and K. Savonen, Effects of cycling alone or in a sheltered position on subsequent running performance during a triathlon, Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, vol.31, issue.4, 1999.
DOI : 10.1097/00005768-199904000-00018

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01765345

S. Sei and . Exerc, , pp.599-604

E. T. Howley, D. R. Basset, W. , and H. G. , Criteria for maximal oxygen uptake, Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, vol.27, issue.9, pp.1292-1293, 1995.
DOI : 10.1249/00005768-199509000-00009

O. Hue, L. Gallais, D. Challet, D. Boussana, A. Préfaut et al., The influence of prior cycling on biomechanical and cardiorespiratory response profiles during running in triathletes, European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology, vol.77, issue.1-2, pp.98-105, 1998.
DOI : 10.1007/s004210050306

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00720703

R. B. Kreider, T. Boone, W. R. Thompson, S. Burkes, and C. W. Cortes, Cardiovascular and thermal responses of triathlon performance, Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, vol.20, issue.4, pp.385-390, 1988.
DOI : 10.1249/00005768-198808000-00010

P. B. Laursen, E. C. Rhodes, and R. H. Langill, The effects of 3000-m swimming on subsequent 3-h cycling performance: implications for ultraendurance triathletes, European Journal of Applied Physiology, vol.83, issue.1, pp.28-33, 2000.
DOI : 10.1007/s004210000229

J. M. Lavoie and R. R. Montpetit, Applied Physiology of Swimming, Sports Medicine, vol.3, issue.3, pp.165-189, 1986.
DOI : 10.2165/00007256-198603030-00002

1. Margaritis, Facteurs timitants de la performance en triathlon. Can, J. Appt. Physiol, vol.21, pp.1-15, 1996.

J. E. Mclaughlin, G. A. King, E. T. Howley, D. R. Basset, . Jr et al., Validation of the COSMED K4 b2 Portable Metabolic System, International Journal of Sports Medicine, vol.22, issue.4, pp.280-284, 2001.
DOI : 10.1055/s-2001-13816

G. P. Millet and V. E. Vleck, Physiological and biomechanical adaptations to the cycle to run transition in Olympic triathlon: review and practical recommendations for training, British Journal of Sports Medicine, vol.34, issue.5, pp.384-390, 2000.
DOI : 10.1136/bjsm.34.5.384

O. Toole, M. L. , D. , and P. S. , Applied physiology of a triathlon, Sports Med, vol.8, pp.201-225, 1995.

D. B. Pyne, T. Boston, D. T. Martin, and A. Logan, Evaluation of the Lactate Pro blood lactate analyser, European Journal of Applied Physiology, vol.82, issue.1-2, pp.112-116, 2000.
DOI : 10.1007/s004210050659

A. J. Sargeant, Human Power Output and Muscle Fatigue, International Journal of Sports Medicine, vol.15, issue.03, pp.116-121, 1994.
DOI : 10.1055/s-2007-1021031

E. J. Schabort, S. C. Killian, A. S. Gibson, J. A. Hawley, and T. D. Noakes, Prediction of triathlon race time from laboratory testing in national triathletes, Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, vol.32, issue.4, pp.844-849, 2000.
DOI : 10.1097/00005768-200004000-00018

H. M. Toussaint, L. Bruinink, R. Coster, M. De-looze, B. Van-rossem et al., Effect of a triathlon wet suit on drag during swimming, Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, vol.21, issue.3, pp.325-328
DOI : 10.1249/00005768-198906000-00017

T. A. Trappe, D. L. Pease, S. W. Trappe, J. P. Troup, and E. R. Burke, Physiological Responses to Swimming while Wearing a Wet Suit, International Journal of Sports Medicine, vol.17, issue.02, pp.111-114, 1996.
DOI : 10.1055/s-2007-972817

F. Vercruyssen, C. Hausswirth, D. Smith, and J. Et-brisswalter, Effet de la durée de l'exercice sur le choix d'une cadence optimale de pédalage chez des triathlètes, Can. J. Appt. Physiol, vol.26, pp.44-54, 2001.

K. Wasserman, B. J. Whipp, S. N. Koyal, and W. L. Beaver, Anaerobic threshold and respiratory gas exchange during exercise., Journal of Applied Physiology, vol.35, issue.2, pp.236-243, 1973.
DOI : 10.1152/jappl.1973.35.2.236

R. C. Woledge, Possible effects of fatigue on muscle efficiency, Acta Physiologica Scandinavica, vol.54, issue.3, pp.267-273, 1998.
DOI : 10.1016/S0006-3495(88)82934-5

P. Zamparo, C. Capelli, M. Cautero, D. Nino, and A. , Energy cost of front-crawl swimming at supra-maximal speeds and underwater torque in young swimmers, European Journal of Applied Physiology, vol.83, issue.6, 2000.
DOI : 10.1007/s004210000318

, J.Appl. Physiol, vol.83, pp.487-491