U. Neutrophils and . Pas, , pp.61-65

. Lymphocytes,

. Monocytes,

. Eosinophils,

U. Erythrocytes and . Pas, , pp.4-9

U. Hemoglobin and . Pas, , pp.129-165

, BF stim, vol.145, pp.134-157

U. Hematocrit and . Pas, , pp.38-47

, BF stim, vol.43, pp.40-45

, Abbreviations: BF stim , group treated with the blood-flow stimulator; PAS, group treated with passive recovery. Group effect: no difference between the groups for any values. a Time effect: difference from pre-exercise (P, p.5


M. Glaister, Multiple Sprint Work, Sports Medicine, vol.1, issue.2, pp.757-777, 2005.
DOI : 10.1139/y92-190

T. Noakes and J. Durandt, Physiological requirements of cricket, Journal of Sports Sciences, vol.18, issue.12, pp.919-929, 2000.
DOI : 10.1080/026404100446739

I. Ispirlidis, I. Fatouros, and A. Jamurtas, Time-course of Changes in Inflammatory and Performance Responses Following a Soccer Game, Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine, vol.18, issue.5
DOI : 10.1097/JSM.0b013e3181818e0b

, Clin J Sport Med, vol.18, issue.5, pp.423-431, 2008.

P. Brancaccio, N. Maffulli, R. Buonauro, and F. Limongelli, Serum Enzyme Monitoring in Sports Medicine, Clinics in Sports Medicine, vol.27, issue.1, pp.1-18, 2008.
DOI : 10.1016/j.csm.2007.09.005

J. Cannon, S. Orencole, and R. Fielding, Acute phase response in exercise: interaction of age and vitamin E on neutrophils and muscle enzyme release, American Journal of Physiology-Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology, vol.259, issue.6, pp.1214-1219, 1990.
DOI : 10.1152/ajpregu.1990.259.6.R1214

P. Montgomery, D. Pyne, A. Cox, W. Hopkins, C. Minahan et al., Muscle damage, inflammation, and recovery interventions during a 3-day basketball tournament, European Journal of Sport Science, vol.34, issue.5, pp.241-250, 2008.
DOI : 10.1177/000456329703400307

K. Cheung, P. Hume, and L. Maxwell, Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness, Sports Medicine, vol.14, issue.2, pp.145-164, 2003.
DOI : 10.1097/00005768-200101000-00007

G. Dupont, W. Moalla, C. Guinhouya, S. Ahmaidi, and S. Berthoin, Passive versus Active Recovery during High-Intensity Intermittent Exercises, Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, vol.36, issue.2
DOI : 10.1249/01.MSS.0000113477.11431.59

, Med Sci Sports Exerc, vol.36, issue.2, pp.302-308, 2004.

D. Stacey, M. Gibala, M. Ginis, K. Timmons, and B. , Effects of Recovery Method After Exercise on Performance, Immune Changes, and Psychological Outcomes, Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy, vol.40, issue.10, pp.656-665, 2010.
DOI : 10.2519/jospt.2010.3224

J. Vaile, S. Halson, N. Gill, and B. Dawson, Effect of hydrotherapy on the signs and symptoms of delayed onset muscle soreness, European Journal of Applied Physiology, vol.91, issue.5???6, pp.447-455, 2008.
DOI : 10.1123/jsr.10.1.11

R. Duffield, J. Cannon, and M. King, The effects of compression garments on recovery of muscle performance following high-intensity sprint and plyometric exercise, Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, vol.13, issue.1, pp.136-140, 2010.
DOI : 10.1016/j.jsams.2008.10.006

L. Junior, E. Lopes-martins, R. Frigo, and L. , Effects of lowlevel laser therapy (LLLT) in the development of exercise-induced skeletal muscle fatigue and changes in biochemical markers related to postexercise recovery, J Orthop Sports Phys Ther, vol.40, issue.8, pp.524-532, 2010.

V. Martin, G. Millet, G. Lattier, and L. Perrod, Effects of Recovery Modes after Knee Extensor Muscles Eccentric Contractions, Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, vol.36, issue.11, pp.1907-1915, 2004.
DOI : 10.1249/01.MSS.0000145526.43208.08

N. Gill, C. Beaven, and C. Cook, Effectiveness of post-match recovery strategies in rugby players, British Journal of Sports Medicine, vol.40, issue.3, pp.260-263, 2006.
DOI : 10.1136/bjsm.2005.022483

R. Duffield and M. Portus, Comparison of three types of full-body compression garments on throwing and repeat-sprint performance in cricket players * COMMENTARY, British Journal of Sports Medicine, vol.41, issue.7, pp.409-414, 2007.
DOI : 10.1136/bjsm.2006.033753

P. Montgomery, D. Pyne, W. Hopkins, J. Dorman, K. Cook et al., The effect of recovery strategies on physical performance and cumulative fatigue in competitive basketball, Journal of Sports Sciences, vol.20, issue.11, pp.1135-1145, 2008.
DOI : 10.1007/s00421-005-0095-3

J. Vaile, N. Gill, and A. Blazevich, The effect of contrast water therapy on symptoms of delayed onset muscle soreness, J Strength Cond Res, vol.21, issue.3, pp.697-702, 2007.

G. Lattier, G. Millet, A. Martin, and V. Martin, Fatigue and Recovery After High-Intensity Exercise Part II: Recovery Interventions, International Journal of Sports Medicine, vol.25, issue.7, pp.509-515, 2004.
DOI : 10.1055/s-2004-820946

A. Barnett, Using Recovery Modalities between Training Sessions in Elite Athletes, Sports Medicine, vol.67, issue.4, pp.781-796, 2006.
DOI : 10.1249/00005768-198602000-00013

D. Yang, Y. Vandongen, and M. Stacey, Effect of exercise on calf muscle pump function in patients with chronic venous disease, British Journal of Surgery, vol.38, issue.3, pp.338-341, 1999.
DOI : 10.3138/ptc.38.3.167

B. Broderick, O. Briain, D. Breen, P. Kearns, S. Olaighin et al., A pilot evaluation of a neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) based methodology for the prevention of venous stasis during bed rest, Medical Engineering & Physics, vol.32, issue.4, pp.349-355, 2010.
DOI : 10.1016/j.medengphy.2010.01.006

M. Izumi, M. Ikeuchi, T. Mitani, S. Taniguchi, and T. T. , Prevention of Venous Stasis in the Lower Limb by Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation, European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, vol.39, issue.5, pp.642-645, 2010.
DOI : 10.1016/j.ejvs.2009.11.035

J. Mclachlin and A. Mclachlin, The Peripheral Venous Heart, A.M.A. Archives of Surgery, vol.77, issue.4, pp.568-575, 1958.
DOI : 10.1001/archsurg.1958.04370010100009

J. Signorile, C. Ingalls, and L. Tremblay, The Effects of Active and Passive Recovery on Short-Term, High Intensity Power Output, Canadian Journal of Applied Physiology, vol.58, issue.2, pp.31-42, 1993.
DOI : 10.1016/0304-4165(66)90194-2

M. Griffin, A. Nicolaides, D. Bond, G. Geroulakos, and E. Kalodiki, The Efficacy of a New Stimulation Technology to Increase Venous Flow and Prevent Venous Stasis, European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, vol.40, issue.6, pp.766-771, 2010.
DOI : 10.1016/j.ejvs.2010.06.019

P. Faghri, V. Meerdervort, H. Glaser, R. Figoni, and S. , Electrical stimulation-induced contraction to reduce blood stasis during arthroplasty, IEEE Transactions on Rehabilitation Engineering, vol.5, issue.1, pp.62-69, 1997.
DOI : 10.1109/86.559350

W. Man, I. Lepar, G. Morrissey, M. Cywinski, and J. , Effect of Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation on Foot/Ankle Volume during Standing, Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, vol.35, issue.4, pp.630-634, 2003.
DOI : 10.1249/01.MSS.0000058432.29149.08

L. Tohic, A. Bastian, H. Pujo, M. Beslot, P. Mollard et al., Effets de l?????lectrostimulation par Veinoplus?? sur les troubles circulatoires des membres inf??rieurs chez la femme enceinte. ??tude pr??liminaire, Gyn??cologie Obst??trique & Fertilit??, vol.37, issue.1, pp.18-24, 2009.
DOI : 10.1016/j.gyobfe.2008.09.019

M. Griffin, A. Nicolaides, D. Bond, G. Geroulakos, and E. Kalodiki, The Efficacy of New VEINOPLUS Stimulation Technology to Increase Venous Flow and Prevent Venous Stasis, Journal of Vascular Surgery, vol.51, issue.3, p.790, 2010.
DOI : 10.1016/j.jvs.2009.11.012

J. Vaile, S. Halson, N. Gill, and B. Dawson, Effect of Hydrotherapy on Recovery from Fatigue, International Journal of Sports Medicine, vol.29, issue.7, pp.539-544, 2008.
DOI : 10.1055/s-2007-989267

D. French, K. Thompson, and S. Garland, The Effects of Contrast Bathing and Compression Therapy on Muscular Performance, Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, vol.40, issue.7
DOI : 10.1249/MSS.0b013e31816b10d5

, Med Sci Sports Exerc, vol.40, issue.7, pp.1297-1306, 2008.

S. Mandic, H. Quinney, and G. Bell, Modification of the Wingate Anaerobic Power Test for Rowing: Optimization of the Resistance Setting, International Journal of Sports Medicine, vol.25, issue.6, pp.409-414, 2004.
DOI : 10.1055/s-2004-815849

J. Bangsbo, M. Mohr, and P. Krustrup, Physical and metabolic demands of training and match-play in the elite football player, Journal of Sports Sciences, vol.261, issue.4, pp.665-674, 2006.
DOI : 10.1016/0014-5793(91)80180-B

B. Jidovtseff, J. Crielaard, S. Cauchy, and J. Croisier, Validit?? et reproductibilit?? d???un dynamom??tre inertiel bas?? sur l???acc??l??rom??trie, Science & Sports, vol.23, issue.2
DOI : 10.1016/j.scispo.2007.12.012

, Sci Sports, vol.23, issue.2, pp.94-97, 2008.

S. Boyas, A. Nordez, C. Cornu, and A. Guével, Power responses of a rowing ergometer: mechanical sensors vs, Concept2 measurement system

, Int J Sports Med, vol.27, issue.10, pp.830-833, 2006.

P. Tiidus and J. Shoemaker, Effleurage Massage, Muscle Blood Flow and Long-Term Post-Exercise Strength Recovery, International Journal of Sports Medicine, vol.16, issue.07, pp.478-483, 1995.
DOI : 10.1055/s-2007-973041

D. Newham, K. Mills, B. Quigley, and R. Edwards, Pain and Fatigue after Concentric and Eccentric Muscle Contractions, Clinical Science, vol.64, issue.1, pp.55-62, 1983.
DOI : 10.1042/cs0640055

W. Kraemer, J. Bush, and R. Wickham, Influence of Compression Therapy on Symptoms Following Soft Tissue Injury from Maximal Eccentric Exercise, Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy, vol.31, issue.6, pp.282-290, 2001.
DOI : 10.2519/jospt.2001.31.6.282

J. Fridén, M. Sjöström, and B. Ekblom, Myofibrillar Damage Following Intense Eccentric Exercise in Man, International Journal of Sports Medicine, vol.04, issue.03, pp.170-176, 1983.
DOI : 10.1055/s-2008-1026030

M. Weber, F. Servedio, and W. Woodall, The Effects of Three Modalities on Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness, Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy, vol.20, issue.5, pp.236-242, 1994.
DOI : 10.2519/jospt.1994.20.5.236

B. Macintosh and D. Rassier, What Is Fatigue?, Canadian Journal of Applied Physiology, vol.27, issue.1, pp.42-55, 2002.
DOI : 10.1139/h02-003

G. Bogdanis, M. Nevill, H. Lakomy, C. Graham, and G. Louis, Effects of active recovery on power output during repeated maximal sprint cycling, European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology, vol.66, issue.1, pp.461-469, 1996.
DOI : 10.1159/000414709

A. Mika, P. Mika, B. Fernhall, and V. Unnithan, Comparison of Recovery Strategies on Muscle Performance After Fatiguing Exercise, American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, vol.86, issue.6, pp.474-481, 2007.
DOI : 10.1097/PHM.0b013e31805b7c79

D. Allen, G. Lamb, and H. Westerblad, Skeletal Muscle Fatigue: Cellular Mechanisms, Physiological Reviews, vol.88, issue.1, pp.287-332, 2008.
DOI : 10.1089/152308603770310347

F. Neric, W. Beam, L. Brown, and L. Wiersma, Comparison of Swim Recovery and Muscle Stimulation on Lactate Removal After Sprint Swimming, Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, vol.23, issue.9, pp.2560-2567, 2009.
DOI : 10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181bc1b7a

T. Yoshida, H. Watari, and K. Tagawa, Effects of Active and Passive Recoveries on Splitting of the Inorganic Phosphate Peak Determined by31P-Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy, NMR in Biomedicine, vol.3, issue.1, pp.13-19, 1996.
DOI : 10.1249/00005768-199305001-00985

M. Miyama and K. Nosaka, Muscle damage and soreness following repeated bouts of consecutive drop jumps, Adv Exerc Sports Physiol, vol.10, pp.63-69, 2004.

J. Tidball, Inflammatory processes in muscle injury and repair, American Journal of Physiology-Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology, vol.288, issue.2, pp.345-353, 2005.
DOI : 10.1002/mus.880050213

. Address-correspondence-to-françois-bieuzen, R. Phd, and . Department, 11 Avenue du Tremblay