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A. In and . Fig, Swimmer's loss of speed. (1) Underwater gliding motion Simulated loss of speed. (3) Underwater legs' propulsion. (a) Swimmer initiates underwater kicking when their centre of mass velocity is included between 2.2 and 1.9 m s À1 . (b) Swimmer initiates underwater kicking too late: he would lose approximately 0.4 m s À1 . (c) Swimmer initiates underwater kicking too soon: higher hydrodynamic resistances are created and swimmer would lose speed