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Surface properties affect the interplay between fascicles and tendinous tissues during landing

Abstract : Purpose: Muscle–tendon units are forcefully stretched during rapid deceleration events such as landing. Consequently, tendons act as shock absorbers by buffering the negative work produced by muscle fascicles likely to prevent muscle damage. Landing surface properties can also modulate the amount of energy dissipated by the body, potentially effecting injury risk. This study aimed to evaluate the influence of three different surfaces on the muscle–tendon interactions of gastrocnemius medialis (GM), and vastus lateralis (VL) during single- and double-leg landings from 50 cm. Methods: Ultrasound images, muscle activity and joint kinematics were collected for 12 participants. Surface testing was also performed, revealing large differences in mechanical behavior. Results: During single-leg landing, stiffer surfaces increased VL fascicle lengthening and velocity, and muscle activity independent of joint kinematics while GM length changes showed no difference between surfaces. Double-leg landing resulted in similar fascicle and tendon behavior despite greater knee flexion angles on stiffer surfaces. Conclusion: This demonstrates that VL fascicle lengthening is greater when the surface stiffness increases, when performing single-leg landing. This is due to the combination of limited knee joint flexion and lower surface absorption ability which resulted in greater mechanical demand mainly withstood by fascicles. GM muscle–tendon interactions remain similar between landing surfaces and types. Together, this suggests that surface damping properties primarily affect the VL muscle–tendon unit with a potentially higher risk of injury as a result of increased surface stiffness when performing single-leg landing tasks.
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https://hal-insep.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02556594
Contributeur : Valérie Quaireau <>
Soumis le : mardi 28 avril 2020 - 10:54:53
Dernière modification le : jeudi 30 avril 2020 - 01:36:35

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Enzo Hollville, Antoine Nordez, Gaël Guilhem, Jennyfer Lecompte, Giuseppe Rabita. Surface properties affect the interplay between fascicles and tendinous tissues during landing. European Journal of Applied Physiology, Springer Verlag, 2020, 120 (1), pp.203-217. ⟨10.1007/s00421-019-04265-9⟩. ⟨hal-02556594⟩

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