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Association between prehospital shock index variation and 28-day mortality among patients with septic shock

Abstract : Purpose: Septic shock (SS) hyperdynamic phase is characterized by tachycardia and low-blood pressure reflecting the relative hypovolemia. Shock index (SI), the ratio between heart rate and systolic blood pressure, is a simple objective tool, usable for SS prognosis assessment. This study aims to evaluate the relationship between prehospital SI variation and 28-day mortality of SS patients initially cared for in prehospital setting by a mobile intensive care unit (mICU). Methods: From April 6 th , 2016 to December 31 st , 2020, 406 patients with SS requiring prehospital mICU were retrospectively analyzed. Initial SI, i.e. first measurement after mICU arrival to the scene, and final SI, i.e. last measurement of the prehospital stage, were used to calculate delta SI (initial SI-final SI) and to define positive and negative delta SI. A survival analysis after propensity score matching compared the 28-day mortality of SS patients with positive/negative delta SI. Results: The main suspected origins of infection were pulmonary (42%), digestive (25%) and urinary (17%). The 28-day overall mortality reached 29%. Cox regression analysis revealed a significant association between 28-day mortality and delta SI. A negative delta SI was associated with an increase in mortality (adjusted hazard ratio (HRa) of 1.88 [1.07-3.31] (p = 0.03)), whereas a positive delta SI was associated with a mortality decrease (HRa = 0.53 [0.30-0.94] (p < 10-3)). Conclusion: Prehospital hemodynamic delta SI among SS patients cared for by a mICU is associated with 28-day mortality. A negative prehospital delta SI could help physicians to identify SS with higher risk of 28-day mortality.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-03693109
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Soumis le : vendredi 10 juin 2022 - 11:21:13
Dernière modification le : vendredi 5 août 2022 - 11:57:40

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s12873-022-00645-1.pdf
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Romain Jouffroy, Basile Gilbert, Léa Thomas, Emmanuel Bloch-Laine, Patrick Ecollan, et al.. Association between prehospital shock index variation and 28-day mortality among patients with septic shock. BMC Emergency Medicine, BioMed Central, 2022, 22 (1), pp.87. ⟨10.1186/s12873-022-00645-1⟩. ⟨inserm-03693109⟩

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